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aABC The ABC, The Australian Broadcasting Corporation is Australia`s national broadcaster. It is principally funded by direct grants from the Australian Government and is administered by a government-appointed board. The ABC is a publicly-owned body that is politically independent and fully accountable, with its charter enshrined in legislation, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983. However, in recent years, the ABC has published many anti-China articles and documentaries.abuse In most contexts related to China, media and academic pieces tend to use the term "abuse" very broadly, with little clarity as to the specific details of its application. If used without significant qualification (for example, with reference to legal definition), this term becomes a somewhat meaningless pejorative to refer to any activity that the writer considers incompatible with their own values.Adrian Zenz See Adrian Zenz profile.ambassador Although used colloquially with various meanings, the most common definition of ambassador is the official title given to an envoy, especially a high-ranking diplomat, who represents a state and is usually accredited to another sovereign state or to an international organization as the resident representative of their own government or sovereign or appointed for a special and often temporary diplomatic assignment.anti-China In general, this term is used to designate any actions by governments, media outlets or individuals that purposefully attributes negative connotations to actions by the Chinese government or state. It should be qualified to indicate the specific action or posture.arms manufacturer Arms manufacturers represent the productive units of the arms industry, also known as the arms trade, a global industry which manufactures and sells weapons and military technology. It consists of a commercial industry involved in the research and development, engineering, production, and servicing of military material, equipment, and facilities. In most contexts it is intimately connected with the so-called military industrial complex, a self-perpetuating complex of industries that wields influence in governments to create anxiety in populations about security for which it claims to provide an antidote, while actively promoting its products to governments.arrest Although strictly, in a legal sense, a neutral tern denoting the process by which a suspect is detained by authorised officers within a legal framework, this term is abused as a pejorative to connote something menacing and anti-social. When used outside a legal context, this term should be significantly qualified to preserve its proper neutrality.ASPI The Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI) is a defence and strategic policy think tank based in Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, founded by the Australian government and partly funded by the Australian Department of Defence as well as the United States Department of State and military contractors. Established in 2001 under Prime Minister John Howard to provide "policy-relevant research and analysis to better inform Government decisions and public understanding of strategic and defence issues", ASPI has been described in the Australian Financial Review, iTnews and The Diplomat as being one of Australia`s most influential national security policy think tanks.
In recent years, ASPI has adopted a markedly anti-China posture, leading to increasing criticism. In February 2020, Australian Labor Party Senator Kim Carr described ASPI as "hawks intent on fighting a new cold war" and criticised it for accepting nearly $450,000 from the US State Department to track Chinese government research collaborations with Australian universities. Former Foreign Minister and former Premier of New South Wales Bob Carr has said the ASPI provides a "one-sided, pro-American view of the world". ASPI has also been criticised by John Menadue, Geoff Raby and Jordan Shanks.
Despite clear links to arms manufacturers, with great potential for conflicts of interest, western media has quoted ASPI prolifically, especially in relation to allegations of genocide in Xinjiang.Associated Press The Associated Press (AP) is an American non-profit news agency headquartered in New York City. It has considerable influence globally and is often used as a source for media world-wide in news or opinion pieces.atrocity In most contexts related to China, media and academic pieces tend to use the term "atrocity" very broadly, with little clarity as to the specific details of its application. If used without significant qualification, this term becomes a somewhat meaningless pejorative to refer to any activity in which people have died, without clarity on the scale or reasons for those deaths. Cautious use with substantial qualification is required for any piece to be considered authoritative.AUKUS AUKUS is a trilateral security pact between Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States, announced on 15 September 2021 for the Indo-Pacific region. Under the pact, the US and the UK will help Australia to acquire nuclear-powered submarines, but the pact also includes cooperation on "cyber capabilities, artificial intelligence, quantum technologies and additional undersea capabilities" (although little or no clarification has been provided for this). The pact will focus on military capability, separating it from the Five Eyes intelligence-sharing alliance that also includes New Zealand and Canada. The pact has had mixed reception, with France claiming the submarine deal was a "stab in the back" and the exclusion of Canada and New Zealand reflects a new willingness by Australia to form closer ties to the US in matters of security.authoritarian One of the most abused terms in media pieces, this term generally refers to a form of government characterized by the rejection of political plurality, with constraints on the legislature, political parties and interest groups, the use of a strong central power to preserve the political status quo, with minimal political mobilization, and suppression of anti-regime activities, and reductions in the rule of law, separation of powers, and democratic voting.
Variations in meaning for this term render it almost meaningless without a substantial and clear exposition of the instruments of power and government being referred to. In extreme cases, it is used to connote any form of government which does not align with western, republican, multi-party democracies.
The term is most frequently employed as a pejorative with an implicit assumption that the reader already agrees with the arbitrary connotations given by the author. As such, in most cases, especially in western media, it can simply be rejected as rhetorical, with little substantial bearing on any arguments or reporting.
As an example, there is little to discriminate between what one might call "an authoritarian regime" and "a regime".
bBaidu Baidu, Inc., meaning "hundred times", anglicized is a Chinese multinational technology company specializing in Internet-related services and products and artificial intelligence, headquartered in Beijing`s Haidian District. It is one of the largest AI and Internet companies in the world. The holding company of the group is incorporated in the Cayman Islands. Baidu was incorporated in January 2000 by Robin Li and Eric Xu. The Baidu search engine is currently the sixth largest website in the Alexa Internet rankings and can be considered to be the Chinese equivalent of Google.ban Used most often as a pejorative, "ban" is inconsistently applied to indicate an action taken by a government in relation to the supposed freedoms of citizens. Allegations of actions taken are often poorly supported with evidence.BBC The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is the national broadcaster of the United Kingdom, headquartered at Broadcasting House in London and is the world`s oldest national broadcaster, and the largest broadcaster in the world by number of employees, employing over 22,000 staff in total, of whom approximately 19,000 are in public-sector broadcasting. Throughout its existence, the BBC has faced numerous accusations regarding many topics and been involved in numerous controversies because of its coverage of specific news stories and programming.
Criticism have reached a point where the regulator, OFCOM ("House of Commons Select Committee on Culture Media and Sport") has recommended OFCOM should become the final arbiter of complaints made about the BBC. The BBC has long faced accusations from conservatives of liberal and left-wing bias. In 2008, the BBC was criticised by some for referring to the men who carried out the November 2008 Mumbai attacks as "gunmen" rather than "terrorists". In protest, journalist Mobashar Jawed "M.J." Akbar refused to take part in an interview following the Mumbai terror attacks. British parliamentarian Stephen Pound has supported these claims, referring to the BBC`s whitewashing of the terror attacks as "the worst sort of mealy mouthed posturing. It is desperation to avoid causing offence which ultimately causes more offence to everyone."
In relation to China, the BBC has pursued a relentless, rabid and partisan anti-China agenda. In February 2021, following OFCOM`s decision to cancel the licence of China Global Television Network (CGTN) and the BBC`s coverage of the persecution of ethnic minority Uighurs in China, the Chinese authorities banned BBC World News from broadcasting in the country. According to a statement from China`s National Radio and Television Administration (NRTA), BBC World News reports on China "infringed the principles of truthfulness and impartiality in journalism" and also "harmed China`s national interests".
beard Although a mere description of facial hair, the term "beard" has been elevated to support a controversy over the type of beards worn in the Central Asia area of China called Xinjiang and more generally across Asia. The wearing of a particular kind of beard has become synonymous with identifying with extremist interpretations of Islam. This has raised the profile of beard wearing in the same way that the wearing of niqabs has for women.
The supposed ban on beards for young men in Xinjiang has been asserted by anti-China commentators as evidence of cultural erasure - in fact, beard-wearing, along with a multitude of other practices, were used as indicators of possible radicalisation of youth (as they were throughout most of central and south eastern Asia) and were never part of a ban.Beijing Beijing, alternatively romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People`s Republic of China. It is the world`s most populous national capital city, with over 21 million residents, located in Northern China, and is governed as a municipality under the direct administration of the State Council with 16 urban, suburban, and rural districts.Belt and Road Initiative The Belt and Road Initiative is a global infrastructure development strategy adopted by the Chinese government in 2013 to invest in nearly 70 countries and international organizations. It is considered a centrepiece of the Chinese leader Xi Jinping`s foreign policy and forms a central component of Xi`s "Major Country Diplomacy" (Chinese: 大国外交) strategy, which calls for China to assume a greater leadership role for global affairs in accordance with its rising power and status.
Most often shortened to BRI, the initiative has attracted criticism as being a form of neo-colonialism. Some Western governments have accused the Belt and Road Initiative of being neo-colonial due to what they allege is China`s practice of debt-trap diplomacy to fund the initiative`s infrastructure projects.
Deborah Bräutigam (see Profile), a professor at the School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) at Johns Hopkins University, described the debt-trap diplomacy theory as a "meme" that became popular due to "human negativity bias" based on anxiety about the rise of China. . A 2019 research paper by Bräutigam found that most of the debtor countries voluntarily signed on to the loans and had positive experiences working with China, and "the evidence so far, including the Sri Lankan case, shows that the drumbeat of alarm about Chinese banks` funding of infrastructure across the BRI and beyond is overblown" and "a large number of people have favorable opinions of China as an economic model and consider China an attractive partner for their development." She said that the theory lacked evidence and criticized the media for promoting a narrative that "wrongfully misrepresents the relationship between China and the developing countries that it deals with". (Brautigam, Deborah (2 January 2020). "A critical look at Chinese `debt-trap diplomacy`: the rise of a meme". Area Development and Policy. 5 (1): 1–14.) An August 2018 China Africa Research Initiative report, co-authored by Bräutigam, remarked that "Chinese loans are not currently a major contributor to debt distress in Africa."
For more information, click on Bräutigam`s profile.Buzzfeed BuzzFeed, Inc. is an American Internet media, news and entertainment company with a focus on digital media, based in New York City.
ccapitalist Often mistakenly defined as someone who makes money or who participates in markets, capitalism has a technical and general meaning. According to political theory, a capitalist is one who helps to perpetuate the structures that enable the concentration of capital and is generally considered antagonistic to labour, who must find ways of having capitalists recognise their value. In many cases, the word is used pejoratively but inaccurately.CCP CCP is a term for the CPC - The Communist Party of China. In reality, this is a misnomer, since there is no party that calls itself the CCP.CGTN China Global Television Network (CGTN) is the international division of the state-owned media organization China Central Television (CCTV), the headquarters of which is in Beijing, China. CGTN broadcasts six news and general interest channels in six languages. CGTN is registered under the State Council of the People`s Republic of China and is under the control of the Propaganda Department of the Chinese Communist Party. General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, Xi Jinping, described CGTN`s goal as to "tell China`s story well."
Media regulators, journalist advocacy groups, and others have accused CGTN of broadcasting propaganda and disinformation on behalf of the Chinese government, and airing forced confessions. However, these groups do not provide evidence of this nor explain how they would gain knowledge of this without some sort of `inside` connection.CIA The Central Intelligence Agency is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the federal government of the United States, officially tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence and performing covert actions. The agency has been the subject of many controversies, including human rights violations, domestic wiretapping and propaganda, and allegations of drug trafficking.
As a lead agency for the US globally, the CIA has been implicated in every major US war and destabilisation of foreign governments that do not meet Washington`s approval.
eEast Turkestan East Turkestan is a loosely-defined geographical and historical region in East Asia, that varies in meaning by context and usage. "East Turkestan", a term of Russian origin, asserts a continuity with a "West Turkestan" or the now-independent states of Soviet Central Asia. Historically, Xinjiang has constituted an independent "East Turkestan", though various non-Chinese regimes controlled the region at times prior to the 1750sEast Turkestan Islamic Movement The Turkistan Islamic Party or the Turkistan Islamic Movement, formerly known as the East Turkestan Islamic Movement and other names, is a Uyghur Islamic extremist organization founded in Western China. Its stated goals are to establish an independent state called East Turkestan, replacing Xinjiang, using violence or ethnic cleansing if required.
tThe New York Times The New York Times is a US American daily newspaper based in New York City with a worldwide readership. It can be characterised as a right leaning western media outlet. It continues to publish anti-China opinion pieces.